LONDON Love&Hate 愛と憎しみのロンドン

Home未分類 | Dance | Sylvie Guillem | Royal Ballet | Royal Opera | Counselling | Sightseeing | Overseas Travel | Life in London(Good) | Life in London(Bad) | Japan (Nihon) | Bartoli | Royal Families | British English | Gardens | Songs | Psychology | Babysitting | Politics | Multiculture | Society | Writing Jobs | About this blog | Opera Ballet | News | Arts | Food | 07/Jul/2005 | Job Hunting | Written In English | Life in London (so so) | Speak to myself | Photo(s) of the day | The Daily Telegraph | The Guardian | BBC | Other sources | BrokenBritain | Frog/ Kaeru | Theatre | Books | 11Mar11 | Stage | Stamps | Transport | Summer London 2012 | Weather | Okinawa | War is crime | Christoph Prégardien | Cats | Referendum 23rd June | Brexit | Mental Health 


6月20日に、国連難民高等弁務官事務所(UNHCR, The UN refugee agency)が、2013年、世界の難民・避難民の総数が5000万人を超えて、第二次世界大戦後最大の数になっていることを報告したことは、日本でも報道された。

13年末の難民・避難民戦後最多 5千万人超す


World Refugee Day: Global forced displacement tops 50 million for first time in post-World War II era

"We are seeing here the immense costs of not ending wars, of failing to resolve or prevent conflict," said UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres. "Peace is today dangerously in deficit. Humanitarians can help as a palliative, but political solutions are vitally needed. Without this, the alarming levels of conflict and the mass suffering that is reflected in these figures will continue."

"The international community has to overcome its differences and find solutions to the conflicts of today in South Sudan, Syria, Central African Republic and elsewhere. Non-traditional donors need to step up alongside traditional donors. As many people are forcibly displaced today as the entire populations of medium-to-Iarge countries such as Colombia or Spain, South Africa or South Korea," said Guterres.

Global refugee figure passes 50m for first time since second world war

The data represented "a world where peace is dangerously in deficit", said Guterres. "And that peace deficit represents the incapacity of the international community firstly to prevent conflicts and secondly, to find solutions to those conflicts."

Some conflicts were unpredictable, but in other cases "there are situations you see coming, but nothing is done to avoid the conflict". He cited the "enormous risks" in Nigeria as an example, adding that "the international community has shown very little capacity to do something useful to prevent it from getting worse and more dangerous".

Humanitarian organisations could only mitigate the impact of conflict on ordinary people. "There is no humanitarian solution … The solution is political and the solution is to solve the conflicts that generate these dramatic levels of displacement."





Many of those crossing borders fell into the hands of increasingly sophisticated people-trafficking gangs, said Guterres. "We see these networks of trafficking and smuggling becoming more and more international, multinational, and linked to other forms of international criminality", such as guns and drugs.

"They become very powerful organisations. And the truth is that national authorities, especially in the developing world … have a very limited capacity to crack down on them."

At the same time, he added, "their behaviour has become more and more vicious". Gangs used rape, torture, sexual exploitation, organ harvesting, extortion and murder. "We are very strongly in favour of international cooperation to crack down on these gangsters,: he said.

The scale of the refugee crisis was straining the capacity of humanitarian organisations, said Guterres. UNHCR has halved the proportion of its budget spent on headquarters costs, but there was an increasing gap between needs and resources available.

"Because conflicts are multiplying, because of climate change and other factors, we see the needs are increasing exponentially."

The UN's world food programme had been forced to reduce rations in some refugee camps because of reduced budgets and greater demands, he said. "Humanitarian organisations are under tremendous stress."




ギリシャ、中国と協力強化で一致 6千億円超の契約調印




Template by まるぼろらいと

Copyright ©LONDON Love&Hate 愛と憎しみのロンドン All Rights Reserved.